Robert Bell's

Wines of Canada

Since 1992


Icewine is a rare gift from a magical Canadian winter. Picked at the coldest moment of a winter's night, each frozen grape creates just one drop of Icewine. One smooth rich, luxurious drop. Peller Estates

One of nature's most exquisite gifts one of the world's most luscious and celebrated wines. It is one of the most difficult and challenging process for the winemaker . (1)

Canada is the world leader in producing amazing Ice Wines



A rare gift from nature and a little help from Canada's winemaker; liquid gold  ICEWINE. The grapes picked at the coldest moment of a winter's night, each frozen grape creates just one drop of Icewine. Just one smooth rich, luxurious drop. As the grape freezes new sensations of sweet juice are created. We invite you learn more about Canada's Icewines. Canada is the world's largest producer of icewines. Making more than all other counties combined.



The Joy of enduring Winter

The anticipation of the harvest

Without the extreme cold of our winters there would be no icewine

Icewine and Canada are synonymous.
Ice wine is a Canadian Icon

Photo credit © Steven Elphick

In their book Icewine Extreme Winemaking Donald Ziraldo and Karl Kaiser refer to making icewine in Canada as extreme winemaking. The story of this remarkable wine began in Germany (Eiswein) but today it is very apparent that Canada and Icewine are synonymous with each other. The regions of Canada most famous for its Icewine the Niagara Peninsula of Ontario and the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia.
Here is where you find the conditions, that must be perfect, to produce the liquid gold know as Icewine. Their unique Climate allows for conditions that ripen the grapes in the summer and freezes them in the extreme winter cold. The unique climate helps maintain high acids in the fruit, necessary for successfully making icewine each year.

Pictured here is the oldest existing bottle of Icewine ( ©2010 Robert Bell) made in North American In 1974 it was called Eiswein using the German name. The picture was provided by Tillman Hainle who father Walter is credit with producing the first commercial icewine. See Icewine History.

The label was hand painted by Tillman's mother. The bottle was sent to Tillman's Aunt in Germany who had the foresight to return the bottle believing it was too valuable to drink


Canada is the world's leading exporter of icewine. There are several Wineries in Canada that only produce Icewine for exporting purposes

China and Japan are the leading importers of Icewine. Canadian Icewine is also popular in Europe.

The United States Produces some icewine but there is also a demand for Canada's golden liquid.

The production of icewine requires ten times the grapes to produce the same amount of wine. Icewine is expensive and produced under the stickiest standards

Making Icewine

On February 12, 2014, the Government of Canada published its Standard of Identity for Icewine within the Canada Agricultural Products Act (SOR/2014-10). The regulation states, “Only wine that is made exclusively from grapes naturally frozen on the vine is “icewine”, “ice wine” or “ice-wine”.

Icewine produced in Canada is required to meet the standard, as determined by a provincial authority that has verified that the product is wine that was made exclusively from grapes naturally frozen on the vine. Four of Canada’s wine producing provinces – Nova Scotia, Quebec, Ontario and British Columbia – have already established acceptable provincial regimes, which meet the new federal standard and follow international protocols.

Joseph's Estate Wines
Joseph's Estate Wines

According to Canadian wine law, grapes designated for icewine cannot be picked until the mercury drops to at least -8°C (17° Fahrenheit), although colder temperatures make for a better quality product. The sugar level of the grapes at the time of harvest must reach a reading of at least 35 Brix (one degree Brix is equal to 1 gram of grape sugar); otherwise they can only be designated as Special Select Late Harvest or Select Late Harvest wines

  • Inniskillin’s 1984 vintage won gold at the 1986 Intervin International Competition, and in 1991, Inniskillin put Canada on the wine map with their 1989 Icewine, capturing the illustrious Grand Prix d’Honneur at Bordeaux’s VinExpo.

Making Icewine ~ History ~ Key Producers ~ Icewine Standards ~ Icewine and Foods~ Questions

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