Wine Drops - Wine Trivia
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Roland, Nicholas, Hagen
The farmer has patience and trusts the process. He just has the faith and deep understanding that through his daily efforts, the harvest will come. And then one day, almost out of nowhere, it does.
“As I ate the oysters with their strong taste of the sea and their faint metallic taste that the cold white wine washed away, leaving only the sea taste and the succulent texture, and as I drank their cold liquid from each shell and washed it down with the crisp taste of the wine, I lost the empty feeling and began to be happy and to make plans.” ~
Ernest Hemingway A Moveable Feast
“Wine is one of the most civilized things in the world and one of the most natural things of the world that has been brought to the greatest perfection, and it offers a greater range for enjoyment and appreciation than, possibly, any other purely sensory thing.”– Ernest Hemingway, Death in the Afternoon
Water is needed to live, but wine expresses the abundance of the banquet and joy of the celebration.~ Pope Francis
Little Glass Of Wine
Little glass of wine, a good thing you are here
You're warm on my lips, warm as a tear
A comfort to the fool who's restless in his mind
... The lover's trusty potion, little glass of wine
Little glass of wine, you're oil on my flame
Shy of the sunlight, hiding your shame
Many, many tears, the number is sublime
Shall stain a woman's bosom for a little glass of wine
As soon as you learn that you don't live forever
You'll grow fond of the fruit of the vine
So here is to you, and here is to me
And here is to the ones we've left behind.
Little glass of wine sure makes the party gay,
It will seal a lover's bargain, it will chase the blues away.
So if you're feeling low, and you want to rest your mind,
Just run and fetch another little glass of wine.
Just run and fetch another little glass of wine.
©1978 Jesse Winchester
From the LP "A Touch On The Rainy Side"
"Every vineyard region is unique in some way and all can be characterized
by describing their individual elements of terroir" Rhys Pender
"A bottle of wine begs to be shared; I have never met a miserly wine lover." ― Clifton Fadiman
Hold your glass by stem—otherwise your hands will warm the bowl and the wine, and leave unsightly fingerprints.
Drink to me only with thine eyes,
And I will pledge with mine;
Or leave a kiss but in the cup,
And I'll not look for wine .
Ben Jonson (1573–1637)
Scientists say 8,000-year-old pottery fragments found in Georgia, have revealed the earliest evidence of grape wine-making.
- Following Ontario's 1988 lead, British Columbia established a set of strict VQA standards in 1990 to ensure the quality of their premium wines. VQA Canada was established in 1999. Participation in the VQA program is voluntary but the standards became protected by law in Ontario in 2000.
- VQA wines must be made from vinifera grapes or preferred hybrids and cannot contain grapes from outside their viticultural region.
- A panel of professional tasters determines whether or not a wine is worthy of VQA designation. The most exceptional wines are given the gold VQA medallion.
- Appellation of Origin systems have existed in Europe for many years. France introduced its Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée system in 1935. Italy introduced its Denominazione Origine Controllata designation in 1963. Germany implemented its Qualitatswein mit Predicat system in 1971.
- Accustomed to these standards, the European countries insisted upon the legislation of a similar body of standards for Canadian wines before they would allow imports.
- The VQA was established in an attempt to reduce European protectionism and encourage all consumers to recognize Canadian viticultural regions as legitimate. Andy Barrie of CBC Radio's Metro Morning talks to Paul Speck about the creation of VQA Canada and its role in opening up the European market.
- In September 2003 Canada and the European Union signed an agreement providing improved access to European markets. This agreement will give Canadian Icewine access to European markets and assure European acceptance of Canadian winemaking practices.
- The accord also states that Canadian vintners can no longer use geographical indications such as Port (Portugal), Chianti (Italy) and Champagne (France) on their labels. In exchange, rye whisky will be protected as a distinctive product of Canada.
- In the early 1980s, Canada's first wine bar, Vines, opened in Toronto. In 1983 Vines played host to a blind taste test to determine how Canadian wines held up against their European competitors.
Vertical Tasting is a term that refers to a comparison of different vintages of the same wine
Terroir, french for soil, refers to the type and quality of soil, and more broadly to the microclimate and overall environmental conditions, of a vineyard or winemaking region. All these factors impart a unique flavour to the wine. Red grapes need a longer growing season than white grapes. Many BC wineries have vineyards in the southern Okanagan region for their red grapes.
Louis Pasteur discovered that when too much oxygen was allowed to contact wine, vinegar bacteria formed and spoiled the wine but small amounts of oxygen made the wine mature.
Acidity in a wine is desirable only to a certain degree. All wines have a certain amount of acidity. White wines have more acidity than reds and overly acidic wines will have a tart taste. Red wine can be chilled; the term room temperature comes from earlier days before central heating thus the wines were served at a much colder temperature. Just five minutes in a bucket of ice water. If you find your red wine is harsh and unbalanced, chill it.
To produce a really good buttery Chardonnay, the grapes are sometimes put through a secondary process known as malolactic fermentation. This reduces the typically crisp flavor found in many Chardonnay wines and brings out a rich buttery taste.
A wines' body is its weight on the palate Light bodied wines feel about as heavy as skim milk,while full bodied wines feel like half and half or cream
The Wine Bible , has sold over 380,000 copies compared to the average for a wine book of only 6,000 copies
Rülander: This is the German name for pinot gris , used occasionally by British Columbia winemakers of German background
Andrew Peller owns wineries in British
Columbia, Ontario and Nova Scotia, produces several brands including
Peller Estates, Trius, Thirty Bench, Sandhill, Copper Moon, Red
Rooster, Hochtaler and Domaine D'Or
Room temperature for wine means a typical cellar
temperature of 58 F (14 C) the ideal temperature at which wine
is stored. Red wine is often served too warm. The bottle should
feel cool to the touch before drinking, reflecting the ideal room
temperature. The United States is Canada's largest wine export market.
Assuming a yield of 700 litres of wine per metric tonne of
grapes, maximum production of wine possible made from 100% Canadian
grapes would be 54.6 million litres. The Ontario industry
uses a yield of 700 litres per tonne. However, some portion
of this would go into blended wines which makes it difficult on
a national basis to be certain how much of this wine is produced
and sold as 100% Canadian origin.
An odour profile is a written description of the olfactory sensations evoked during the smelling of an essential oil or other natural raw material or wine.
Many people have poor and largely undeveloped odour memories, odour vocabularies and odour recognition abilities. There is good evidence however that the majority of us can improve these skills with proper training.
A sommelier or wine steward , is a trained and knowledgeable wine professional, normally working in fine restaurants , who specializes in all aspects of wine service as well as wine and food pairing. Trained in olfactory sensations. Wine Judges are certified.
Appassimento is not a new technique in Italy; and it’s usually used to make the
grapes more suitable for the production of generally richer and more important
In contrast to other viticoltural techniques this is a reasonably safe method
giving a reasonable amount of control over the perishability of the grapes, not to
say an effective defence against “rivals” such as the birds and animals who
regard the grapes as a potential source of nourishment.
When the grapes are picked the best bunches are laid out to dry for a variable
length of time. Once there were nets hung down from the ceiling and the
bunches were hooked into it, one by one, using a suitable protruding wing from
each bunch; there was also a similar system using chains hung from the ceiling,
Often, the system was a simple one of reed mats laid out on the ground either
in suitable indoor rooms or outside, depending on the weather. Straw beds were
also used for the grapes to dry on (hence the French vins de paille).
All these appassimento techniques have been and still are used elsewhere in
Italy, for example in the making of Vin Santo. And the Verona area is rightly
proud of their use in the making of Recioto and Amarone wines.
The most widespread system consists in laying the grapes on stacks of canerack-
trays set up in dry and well-ventilated rooms. Today, little by little, the cane
racks are being superseded, for reasons of practicality and manoeuverability,
with stacks of little “plateaux”, each holding about 8-10 kg of grapes. The length
of appassimento varies from 60-100 days, depending on the vintage.
The weather is of primary importance in the appassimento process.
Temperature and relative humidity are crucially important in encouraging or
discouraging the development of both the desirable noble Botrytis rot and its
opposite, the common and destructive grey mould. Indeed, no matter how
carefully the grapes laid out to dry in the “fruttaio” are picked over first, fungal
rot easily develops. An overlying layer of humidity can easily affect the grapes,
and any damage to their skins can lead to juice leaking out and hence ideal
conditions for the development of mould.
Obviously, mild temperatures and low relative humidity are ideal states for
successful appassimento, because they can also lead to a desirable attack of
Botrytis. This helps develop tastes and aromas in the finished wine that show
ripeness and intensity, but are structured and all enveloping too.
Rainy, wet years lead to less than healthy grapes and then the appassimento
process runs the risk of leading not to Botrytis but to “grey mould”, which
damages the grapes and leads to inferior quality wines. In this case, either the
length of time allotted to appassimento is reduced or the appassimento method
isn’t used at all.
The word “sommelier” is an old French word meaning butler or an officer in charge of provisions, derived from the Old Provençal saumalier, or pack-animal drive
In Vietnam, it’s possible to order a cobra blood wine from restaurant menus. The waiter will take a live cobra, kill it on the spot, drain the blood into a shot glass of rice wine, and top it off with the cobra’s still beating heart for you to gulp down.
Back in 1849, a new variety of grape was perfected after a decade of crossbreeding work
that involved 125 vines. The resulting grape, not surprisingly, was named after the Massachusetts
town where it was first grown: Concord.
Twenty years later, a physician/pastor managed to come up with
a procedure to pasteurize Concord grape juice. This was important
to him, as it would allow the members of his church to take part
in the sacrament of communion without having to ingest wine (as
alcohol was becoming increasingly unpopular amongst churchgoers
in the era). The gent's name? Dr. Thomas Bramwell Welch, whose
name would become synonymous with grape juice and grape jelly.
Oh, and the New Jersey town that was home to Welch's church turned
out to have a suitable grape-related name as well: Vineland.
Buena Vista Vineyards Sonoma County 1870's
From Chinese Wine Festival Advertisement
As it is known, there are over 1.3 billion people in China. China also boasts one of the biggest wine markets in the world.
Statistics shows that each Chinese person consumes 0.35 liters wines and spirits per year and the fact is that 6.5 million liters
of wine Chinese people drink are imported from overseas. With the decrease in tax, Chinese people's consumption of imported wine is
still on dramatic rise, about 30% per year.
Who claims to have the largest wine competition in North America?
Sélections Mondiales des Vins Canada
Most Famous Wine Competition
Monde Selection is an International Institute for Quality Selections founded in 1961 on a Belgian initiative in Brussels.
We have grown considerably and are currently the oldest and most representative organization in the field of Quality Selections world-wide
Montréal Passion Vin
Founded in 2002 by Jean Saine, Montréal Passion Vin (MPV) is the most prestigious wine-tasting event in Canada and one of the
leading events of its kind in the world. It brings some of the most prominent wine producers on the planet to Montreal and has raised more
than $1.5 million to date for the Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Foundation. MPV is pleased to partner with the Société des
alcools du Québec and enjoys the support of numerous sponsors, among them Air Canada, Mercedes-Benz and National Bank.
Kelowna was incorporated in May 1905
the largest city in BC's Okanagan Valley
approx. population of 100,000 people
covers an area of approx. 101.2 square miles
Kelowna is located on the Okanagan Lake, mid-way between Penticton in the south and Vernon in the north and approx. 150 km. (90 miles) north of the US border and 395 km. (247 miles) east of Vancouver
For more information on Canada's wine towns
Wineries of Kelowna
GreenLane Winery's new location on King Street, Beamsville
Photo by Fred Couch
Coffee to the Rescue
Coffee may counteract alcohol's poisonous
effects on the liver and help prevent cirrhosis, researchers say. In
a study of more than 125,000 people, one cup of coffee per day
cut the risk of alcoholic cirrhosis by 20 percent. Four cups per
day reduced the risk by 80 percent. The coffee effect held true
for women and men of various ethnic backgrounds.
"It is unclear whether it is the caffeine or some other ingredient in
coffee that provides the protection," said study co-author Dr. Arthur
Klatsky of the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research in Oakland, Calif.
Do I own a winery? No, wish I did though.
But there is a Bell Winery. Bell Wine Cellars was founded in 1991 by John Baritelle and Anthony Bell. John, a Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon grower and Anthony, viticulturist and assistant winemaker at Beaulieu Vineyard, developed a friendship that began in 1980. Through their frequent discussions about grape growing practices and wine quality, the two friends reinforced their firm belief that great wines are not only a product of the vineyard - the terroir - but that balance and fruit are hallmarks of a fine wine
Wine in the Bible
Go eat your bread and drink your wine in joy for your action was long ago approved by God
The Wine Bottle
The familiar wine bottle came into being in the 17th century. Prior to this
wine was stored in amphora or casks. The cork came first The Amphta (also
spelled Amphorae) was sealed with cork.
The Sweet Grape
The grapevine is the greatest collector of sugar among fruit bearing plants in the world. It can build sugar in the form of fructose and glucose and store it in grapes.
Canadian Chardonnays are noted for their well-formed structure supported by natural acidity and ripe fruit, underlain by a balanced use of either French or American oak. Other styles include crisp, un-oaked versions, creamy Sur Lies, and sparkling wines . The buttery flavour found in chardonnay's a result of a technique used by the winemaker called malolactic fermentation.
At the prestigious Chardonnay-du-monde International wine championship
Jackson Triggs Proprietors' Grand Reserve Chardonnay won Gold
Mission Hill Family Estate, Hillebrand Estate winery, MT BoucherieEstate Winery, Jackson
Triggs - Sunrock chardonnay, Golden Mile Cellars - Black Arts Chardonnay, Golden
Mile Cellars Chardonnay won silver.
Numerous wineries received a bronze.
Room Temperature for wine means a typical cellar temperature
of 58 F (14 C) the ideal temperature at which wine is stored. Red wine is often
served too warm. The bottle should feel cool to the touch before drinking,
reflecting the ideal room temperature.
Cork is the bark of the cork oak tree. It has a complex honeycomb
structure of tiny, closely packed, air filled cells each of which has 14 sides,
Cork is resistant to liquids and gases, lightweight and elastic. What makes
cork especially imortant to the wine industry is its amazing ability to be
How many grapes does it take to make your average bottle of
wine? Answer: It takes about 2 ½ pounds of grapes to make a bottle of
How many varieties of wine grapes exist in the world today? Answer:
Where were the first vineyards planted in Ontario? Answer: Port Credit
Liquor control in Canada
In British Columbia two agencies are responsible for regulating the liquor industry; the Liquor Control and Licensing Branch (LCLB) and
the Liquor Distribution Branch (LDB). The LCLB issues licence's for making and selling liquor. The LDB is responsible for the importation,
distribution and retailing of alcohol and operates government liquor stores and distribution centres. The LDB also makes agreements with
private interests for the operation of retail stores.
Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission (AGLC) The Alberta government privatized
liquor retailing in 1993. The private sector retails, warehouses and distributes
liquor in Alberta. The Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission (AGLC), continues
to regulate the industry, issue liquor licences, and collect revenues from
the sale of liquor.
Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority (SLGA)
The Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority (SLGA) is responsible for the
distribution, control and regulation of liquor across the province. SLGA distributes
licence's for the sale of alcohol. They operate a number of liquor stores and
franchise outlets in
Manitoba Liquor Control Commission (MLCC) The mission of the Manitoba Liquor
Control Commission (MLCC) is to regulate, distribute and sell beverage alcohol.
There are 176 agency liquor outlets and 46 board controlled outlets in the
Liquor Control Board of Ontario (LCBO)
The LCBO purchases wine, spirits and beer for Ontario consumers and licensees. More than 600 LCBO retail stores operate across the province.
Vintages is the fine wine and premium spirits division of the LCBO. The Vintages collection is available in 190 LCBO stores thought Ontario.
Société des alcools du Québec (SAQ) The Société des
alcools du Québec SAQ sells liquor throughout the province of Quebec.
They operate more than 800 stores. They supply holders of alcoholic beverage
sales licenses (hotels, restaurants, bars, etc.) and food wholesalers who serve the needs of grocers.
Newfoundland Liquor Corporation (NLC) The Newfoundland Labrador Liquor Corporation
(NLC) is responsible for managing the importation, sale and distribution of
beverage alcohol within the province. NLC operates 24 retail stores,
serves over 112 agency stores and distributes to more than 1,500 licensees.
Prince Edward Island
PEI Liquor Control Commission The Prince Edward Island Liquor Control Commission
(PEILCC) is responsible for the purchase, control, and sale of alcohol in the
province. The Licensing and Security Department is responsible for licensing. The commission operates 19 retail outlets.
Alcohol New Brunswick Liquor (ANBL) Alcohol NB Liquor is
responsible for the purchase, importation, distribution, and retail of beverage
alcohol in New Brunswick. ANBL services the public and licensees through a
network of 50 retail outlets and 70 private stores.
Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation (NSLC) The Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation,
one of the largest retailers of beverage alcohol in Canada, generates more
than a half a billion dollars of revenue a year.
Yukon Liquor Corporation Yukon Liquor Corporation is responsible for the purchase,
distribution, and sale of liquor products in the Yukon. YLC operates six government
liquor stores as well as directly serving some licensees.
NWT Liquor Commission The Northwest Territories Liquor Commission is responsible
for the distribution of beverage alcohol across the territory. The commission
operates stores to sell liquor to consumers.
Nunavut Liquor Commission Nunavut's liquor board, the Nunavut Liquor Commission
works to ensure the lawful purchase, sale, and distribution of liquor in Nunavut.
In 1955, Bright's winery produced the first 100 percent Canadian
chardonnay. Up to this point, the most illustrious brand in the company's repertoire was a Catawba grape-based sherry that was dubbed “Bright's
Disease” by less than enthusiastic tipplers.
A wine's body is its weight on the palate. Light
bodied wines feel about as heavy as skim milk, while full bodied wines feel like half and half or cream
Cool - Climate:
Canada along with Burgundy, Germany, Oregon, Washington Austria and New Zealand are all considered cool -
Climate Viticulture regions.
Good for growing Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Riesling Wines from cooler climates are characteristically highly aromatic and high in acids. Their higher acidity results in wines with longer natural aging potential. Winemakers believe that cool climate regions produce lighter, fruitier wines .
This grape is high in sugars, so is suited to cooler climates. It is suitable for making both sparkling and still wines, and is a good blending variety
The history of these varieties begins
with Elmer Swenson, an American plant
breeder who died in 2004. He began
breeding winter-hardy wine grapes in
1943 at his farm in Osceola, Wisconsin
(one of his varieties grown in a Monte
Creek test plot is called Osceola). Later he
moved to the University of Minnesota,
which took over his work. The varieties
are grown in those northern states but
also in Quebec, which accounts for the
French names of some varieties.
In 1854, a gift from the vineyards of Nicholas Longworth of Cincinnati inspired Henry Wadsworth Longfellow to write the poem "Catawba Wine
This song of mine
Is a Song of the Vine,
To be sung by the glowing embers
Of wayside inns,
When the rain begins
To darken the drear Novembers.
It is not a song
Of the Scuppernong,
From warm Carolinian valleys,
Nor the Isabel
And the Muscadel
That bask in our garden alleys.
Nor the red Mustang,
Whose clusters hang
O'er the waves of the Colorado,
And the fiery flood
Of whose purple blood
Has a dash of Spanish bravado.
For richest and best
Is the wine of the West,
That grows by the Beautiful River;
Whose sweet perfume
Fills all the room
With a benison on the giver.
And as hollow trees
Are the haunts of bees,
Forever going and coming;
So this crystal hive
Is all alive
With a swarming and buzzing and humming.
Very good in its way
Is the Verzenay,
Or the Sillery soft and creamy;
But Catawba wine
Has a taste more divine,
More dulcet, delicious, and dreamy.
There grows no vine
By the haunted Rhine,
By Danube or Guadalquivir,
Nor on island or cape,
That bears such a grape
As grows by the Beautiful River.
Drugged is their juice
For foreign use,
When shipped o'er the reeling Atlantic,
To rack our brains
With the fever pains,
That have driven the Old World frantic.
To the sewers and sinks
With all such drinks,
And after them tumble the mixer;
For a poison malign
Is such Borgia wine,
Or at best but a Devil's Elixir.
While pure as a spring
Is the wine I sing,
And to praise it, one needs but name it;
For Catawba wine
Has need of no sign,
No tavern-bush to proclaim it.
And this Song of the Vine,
This greeting of mine,
The winds and the birds shall deliver
To the Queen of the West,
In her garlands dressed,
On the banks of the Beautiful River.
I lost myself on a cool damp night
Gave myself in that misty light
Was hypnotized by a strange delight
Under a lilac tree
I made wine from the lilac tree
Put my heart in its recipe
It makes me see what I want to see
and be what I want to be
When I think more than I want to think
Do things I never should do
I drink much more than I ought to drink
Because I brings me back you...
Lilac wine is sweet and heady,
like my love
Lilac wine, I feel unsteady,
like my love
Listen to me...
I cannot see clearly
Isn't that he coming to me nearly here?
Lilac wine is sweet and heady
where's my love?
Lilac wine, I feel unsteady,
where's my love?
Listen to me, why is everything so hazy?
Isn't that he, or am I just going crazy, dear?
Lilac Wine, I feel unready
for my love...
KATIE MELUA LYRICS
Let your boat of life be light, packed with only what you need - a homely home and simple pleasures, one or two friends, worth the name, someone to love and someone to love you, a cat, a dog, and a pipe or two, enough to eat and enough to wear, and a little more than enough to drink; for thirst is a dangerous thing.
Jerome K. Jerome
Three Men in a Boat
According to new research published in the Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy , a key ingredient in garlic is effective at fighting a bacteria that's known to cause food poisoning . Garlic is even 100 times more powerful than two popular antibiotics, and takes significantly less time to work, reports The Daily Mail .
Perennia was created in May 2012 to be a fully integrated agri-food and bio-resource company combining the resources of AgraPoint, the Atlantic Bioventures Centre and AgriTECH Park. As a crown agency, we are owned by the Province of Nova Scotia with the Minister of Agriculture as the sole shareholder.
Our mission is "empowering the industry by providing knowledge and advice to create value."
Meritage is a brand for red and white Bordeaux -style wines without infringing on the Bordeaux ( France ) region's legally protected designation of origin . Winemakers must license the Meritage trademark from its owner, the California-based Meritage Alliance. Member wineries are found principally in the United States , though increasingly elsewhere including Canada. Burrowing Owl in the Okanagan Reif in Niagara Peninsula
A red Meritage must be made from a blend of at least two of the following varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon , Merlot , Cabernet Franc , Malbec , Petit Verdot or Carmenère , with no varietal comprising more than 90% of the blend.
A white Meritage must be made from a blend of at least two or more of the following varieties: Sauvignon Blanc , Sémillon or Muscadelle du Bordelais , with no varietal comprising more than 90% of the blend
Featherstone 12 Brix Verjus Non-alcoholic - Verjus is made from Cabernet Franc grapes removed from our vines in midsummer, at a point in the growing cycle called véraison.
Inniskillin Icewine is well renowned as the world leader in Icewine. It is sold in over 59 countries
Wine never dies. Instead it lives in the soul of the person who consumes it.
Baron Philippe de Rothschild
VERAISON is a viticulture term meaning "the onset of ripening." It is the change in colour of the grape berries .. Please see Wine Terms
the Ordre des Coteaux de Champagne a nearly 400 year-old organization for the promotion of Champagne, and one of the oldest fraternal organizations in Europe
"With wine in hand, one reaches the happy state - where men are wise,
women beautiful; and even one's children begin to look promising."
According to wine author, and expert, André Dominé, producing Port wine “is the most difficult task in any winery
1886 Josephine Tychson became the first female winery owner on record in Napa,
Involved in the development of the organic and biodynamic movement in Québec since 1977, Claude Gélineau has shared his knowledge and research as a teacher and a lecturer. From 1980 to 1999, Claude gave many courses in biodynamics and to dairy producers in transition to organic production. Since 2000, Claude has been a full-time teacher at ITA La Pocatière, an agricultural technical school. His main field of focus is vegetable and fruit production. In 2006, Claude started a research project for table grape production in cold climates. Over 75 varieties were trialed to determine the most suitable for our northern climate. Since the fall of 2009, Claude has been teaching a course on organic table grape production. Français
What is a geographical indication?
A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place. In addition, the qualities, characteristics or reputation of the product should be essentially due to the place of origin. Since the qualities depend on the geographical place of production, there is a clear link between the product and its original place of production.
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